Links:

IDOT logo linked to website

INHS logo linked to website

UIUC logo linked to website

IDNR logo linked to website

Biological Surveys and Assessment Program

 

ResearchJeff and Mary Ann

Wetland Restoration:

 

It has been estimated by the National Wetlands Inventory that about half of the original wetland area in the conterminous United States has been lost to agriculture and development.  Wetland restoration projects aim to re-create or repair wetlands, restoring wetland biota and ecosystem functions.   Papers published by the Wetland Science Program have addressed how wetland restoration progress can be best assessed and have identified ecological factors leading to restoration success or failure.

 

 

  • Matthews, J.W., B. Molano-Flores, J. Ellis, P.B. Marcum, W.C. Handel, J. Zylka, and L.R. Phillippe. 2017. Impacts of management and landscape context on restoration outcomes in a sand prairie. Restoration Ecology (ACCEPTED for publication, March 8, 2017).

 

  • Phillippe, .R., P.B. Marcum, D.T. Busemeyer, W.E. McClain, and J.E. Ebinger. 2013. Changes due to fire suppression in a Quercus velutina Lam. (Black Oak) Savanna at Sand Ridge State Forest, Mason County, Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 106:23-26.

 

  • Maron, M., R.J. Hobbs, A. Moilanen, J.W. Matthews, K. Christie, T.A. Gardner, D.A. Keith, D.B. Lindenmayer, C. McAlpine. 2012. Faustian bargains? Restoration realities in the context of biodiversity offset policies. Biological Conservation 155: 141-148.

 

  • Matthews, J.W. and G. Spyreas. 2010. Convergence and divergence in wetland restoration trajectories as a framework for monitoring restoration progress. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 1128-1136.

 

  • Matthews, J.W., G. Spyreas, and A.G. Endress. 2009. Trajectories of vegetation-based indicators used to assess wetland restoration progress. Ecological Applications 19:2093-2107.

 

  • Matthews, J.W., and A.G. Endress. 2010. Rate of succession in restored wetlands and the role of site context. Applied Vegetation Science 13: 346-355.

 

  • Matthews, J.W., A.L. Peralta, D.N. Flanagan, P.M. Baldwin, A. Soni, A.D. Kent and A.G. Endress. 2009. Relative influence of landscape versus local factors on plant community assembly in restored wetlands. Ecological Applications 19: 2108-2123.

 

  • Matthews, J.W., G. Spyreas and A.G. Endress. 2009. Trajectories of vegetation-based indicators used to assess wetland restoration progress. Ecological Applications 19: 2093-2107.

 

  • O’Neal, B. J., E. J. Heske, and J. D. Stafford. 2008. Waterbird response to wetlands restored through the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program. Journal of Wildlife Management 72:654-664.

 

  • Matthews, J.W., A.L. Peralta, A. Soni, P. Baldwin, A.D. Kent and A.G. Endress. 2009. Local and landscape correlates of non-native species invasion in restored wetlands. Ecography 32: 1031-1039.

 

  • Matthews, J.W. and A.G. Endress. 2008. Performance criteria, compliance success, and vegetation development in compensatory mitigation wetlands.  Environmental Management 41: 130-141.

 


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Floristic Studies:

 

The mission of the Illinois Natural History Survey (INHS) is to investigate and document the biological resources of Illinois and other areas, and to acquire and provide natural history information that can be used to promote the common understanding, conservation, and management of these resources.  Botanists within the Wetland Science Program support this mission by documenting the flora of natural areas throughout Illinois.

  • Matthews, J. W., D. Skultety, B. Zercher, M. P. Ward, and T. J. Benson. 2016. Field verification of original and updated National Wetlands Inventory maps in three metropolitan areas in Illinois, USA. Wetlands 36:1155–1165. doi: 10.1007/s13157-016-0836-6.

 

  • Molano-Flores, B., L.R. Phillippe, P.B. Marcum, C. Carroll-Cunningham, J.L. Ellis, D.T. Busemeyer, and J.E. Ebinger. 2015. A floristic inventory and vegetation survey of three dolomite prairies in northeastern Illinois. Castanea 80(3):153-170.

 

  • Tucker, G.C., J.E. Ebinger, W.E. McClain, E.L. Smith, P.B. Marcum, and R. Jansen. 2015. Marsh vegetation of the Margaret Guzy Pothole Wetlands Land and Water Reserve, Shelby County, Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 108(3):7-12.

 

  • Marcum, P.B., L.R. Phillippe, D.T. Busemeyer, W.E. McLain, M.A. Feist, and J.E. Ebinger. 2013. Vascular flora of the Sand Ridge State Forest, Mason County, Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science 106:39-46.

 

  • Phillippe, L.R., P.B. Marcum, and J.E. Ebinger. 2012. Vegetation of Sand Ridge Savanna Nature Preserve, Will County, Illinois. Erigenia 25:23-35.

 

  • Phillippe, L.R., M.A. FeistD.T. BusemeyerP.B. Marcum, C. J. Carroll, G.R. Spyreas and J.E. Ebinger. 2011. Vegetation of forest and savanna communities on glacial sand deposits in northeastern Illinois. Southwestern Naturalist 56:54-60.

 

  • Phillippe, L.R., B. Molano-Flores, M.J.C. Murphy, P.B. Marcum and J.E. Ebinger. 2011. Status of Endangered and threatened sand area species of the Illinois flora. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 39:259-296

 

  • Ebinger, J.E., L.R. Phillippe, M.J.C. Murphy, G.C. Tucker, and P.B. Marcum. 2010. Vascular plant species extirpated or not vouchered as occurring in Illinois. Erigenia 23:3-23.

 

  • Marcum, P.B., L.R. Phillippe, D.T. Busemeyer and J.E. Ebinger. 2010. Vascular Flora and Woody Structure and Composition at Gooseberry Island Nature Preserve, Kankakee County, Illinois. Castanea 75:341-352.

 

  • Busemeyer, D.T., L.R. Phillippe, P.B. Marcum and J.E. Ebinger. 2010. Vascular Flora of Iroquois Woods Nature Preserve, Kankakee County, Illinois. Castanea 75:330-340.

 

  • Phillippe, L.R., P.B. MarcumD.T. Busemeyer and J.E. Ebinger. 2010. Vascular Flora of Short Pioneer Cemetery Prairie Nature Preserve, Grundy County, Illinois: composition and change since 1977. Erigenia 24:5-11.

 

  • Phillippe, L.R., M.A. FeistR.L. LarimoreD.T. BusemeyerP.B. Marcum, C. J. Carroll-Cunningham, J. L. Ellis and J.E. Ebinger. 2010. Vegetation of Hooper Branch Nature Preserve, Iroquois County, Illinois. Northeastern Naturalist 17:261-272.

 

  • Phillippe, L.R., M.A. FeistR.L. LarimoreD.T. BusemeyerP.B. Marcum, C.J. Carroll-Cunningham, J.L. Ellis, and J.E. Ebinger. 2009. Composition and structure of the ground layer vegetation at Iroquois County Conservation Area, northeastern Illinois. Phytologia 91:401-438.

 

  • Larimore, R.L., L.R. Phillippe and J.E. Ebinger. 2008. Vascular flora of Middle Fork Woods Nature Preserve, Vermilion County, Illinois.  Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 38:177-196.

 

  • Feist, M.A., M.J. Morris, L.R. Phillippe, J.E. Ebinger and W.E. McClain. 2008. Sand prairie communities of Matanzas Nature Preserve, Mason County, Illinois. Castanea 73:177-187.

 

  • Phillippe, L.R., D.T. BusemeyerP.B. Marcum, M.A. Feist and J.E. Ebinger. 2008. Prairie and Savanna Vegetation of Braidwood Dunes and Savanna Nature Preserve, Will County, Illinois. Castanea 73:1-15.

 

  • Phillippe, L.R., D.T. BusemeyerP.B. Marcum, J. Ellis, M.A. FeistR.L. Larimore and J.E. Ebinger. 2006. A site inventory of the Emiquon Preserve, Fulton County, Illinois.  Erigenia 21:10-21.

 

  • Feist, M.A., Phillippe, L.R., D.T. Busemeyer, J.E. Ebinger. 2004. Vegetation survey of the Dean Hills Nature Preserve, Fayette County, Illinois. Castanea 69:52-66.

 


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Soil Studies:

 

Wetlands have unique compositions of soil and nutrients that not only are the product of the ecosytem processes and plant succession, but also support future cycles of wetland communities. Soil scientists within the Wetland Science Progarm support the Program mission by documenting and researching the soils of areas where wetlands are delineated.

  • Geatz, G.W., B.A. Needelman, R.R. Weil, and J.P. Megonigal. 2012. Nutrient availability and soil organic matter decomposition response to prescribed burns in Mid-Atlantic brackish marshes. Soil Science Society of America Journal (in review).


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Habitat Assessment and Methods:

 

Assessment of the plants and animals inhabiting a natural area provides valuable information on that area's ecological integrity and conservation value, helps identify stressors negatively impacting the area, and aids management decisions regarding habitat protection and restoration.  Researchers within the Wetland Science Program have investigated the value of plants as indicators of ecological integrity in wetlands, forests, lakes and prairies.

  • Spyreas, G., S.J. Meiners, J.W. Matthews and B. Molano-Flores. 2012. Successional trends in floristic quality. Journal of Applied Ecology 49:339-348.

 

  • Sivicek, V.A. and J.B. Taft. 2011. Functional Group Density as an index for assessing habitat quality in tallgrass prairie. Ecological Indicators 11:1251-1258.

 

  • Drinkard, M., Kershner, M., Romito, A., Nieset, J., and De Szalay, F. 2011. Responses of Plants and Invertebrate Assemblages to Water Level Fluctuation in Headwater Wetlands. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 30(4):981-996.

 

  • Sass, L.L., M.A. Bozek, J.A. Hauxwell, K. Wagner and S. Knight. 2010. Response of aquatic macrophytes to human land use perturbations in the watersheds of Wisconsin lakes, U.S.A. Aquatic Botany 93:1-8.

 

  • Matthews, J.W., G. Spyreas and A.G. Endress. 2009. Trajectories of vegetation-based indicators used to assess wetland restoration progress. Ecological Applications 19: 2093-2107.

 

  • Hamer, G. L., E. J. Heske, J. D. Brawn, and P. W. Brown. 2008. Migrant shorebird use of a wetland complex in the Illinois River valley. Transactions of the Illinois Academy of Science 101:95-106.

 

  • Spyreas, G. and J.W. Matthews. 2006. Development of second-growth forest, floristic conservation value, and nested understory floras. Ecological Applications 16: 1351-1366.

 

  • Matthews, J.W., P.A. Tessene, S.M. Wiesbrook and B.W. Zercher. 2005. Effect of area and isolation on species richness and indices of floristic quality in Illinois, USA wetlands. Wetlands 25: 607-615.

 

  • Matthews, J.W. 2003. Assessment of the Floristic Quality Index for use in Illinois, USA, wetlands. Natural Areas Journal 23: 53-60.


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Invasive Plants:

 

Biological invasions can cause economic damage, displace native species, alter ecosystem functions and interfere with ecological restoration goals.  Papers published by members of the Wetland Science Program have addressed the causes and consequences of non-native plant invasion in Illinois wetlands and forests.

  • Spyreas, G., B.W. Wilm, A.E. PlocherD.M. KetznerJ.W. MatthewsE.J. Heske and J. Ellis. 2010. Multi-taxa consequences of invasion by reed canary grass Phalaris arundinacea. Biological Invasions 12: 1253-1267.

 

  • Matthews, J.W., A.L. Peralta, A. Soni, P. Baldwin, A.D. Kent and A.G. Endress. 2009. Local and landscape correlates of non-native species invasion in restored wetlands. Ecography 32: 1031-1039.M

 

  • Kurylo, J.S., K.S. Knight, J.R. Stewart and A.G. Endress. 2007. Rhamnus cathartica: Native and naturalized distribution and habitat preferences. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134:420-430.

 

  • Knight, K.S., J.S. Kurylo, A.G. Endress, J.R. Stewart, P.B. Reich. 2007. Ecology and ecosystem impacts of common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica): a review. Biological Invasions 9:925-937.

 

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Taxonomy and Systematics:

 

  • Marcum, P.B. and D.M. Ketzner. 2012. Lythrum hyssopifolia L. (hyssop loosestrife or grass poly; Lythraceae), a new species in the Illinois flora. Castanea 77(3):270-272.

 

  • Kurylo, J. and Endress. 2012. Rhamnus cathartica: Notes on its Early History in North America. Northeastern Naturalist 19:601-610.

 

  • Ketzner, D.M. 2010. An evaluation of the nomenclatural status of Biatorella kulshanensis Herre. Evansia 27:92-93.

 

  • Feist, M.A.E. 2010. The reinstatement of Ptilimnium texense (Apiaceae) and a new key to the genus. Journal of the botanical Research Institute of Texas. 23:641-651.

 

  • Feist, M.A.E. 2009. Clarifications concerning the nomenclature and taxonomy of Oxypolis ternata(Apiaceae). Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas. 3:661-666.

 

  • Feist, M.A.E. and S.R. Downie. 2008. A phylogenetic study of Oxypolis and Ptilimnium (Apiaceae) based on nuclear rDNA ITS sequences. Systematic Botany 33:447-458.