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Stephen A. Forbes Biological Station
Frank C. Bellrose Waterfowl Research Center

Recent Publications

 

Hagy, H.M., and R. M. Kaminski. 2015. Determination of foraging thresholds and effects of application on energetic carrying capacity for waterfowl. PLoS ONE (In Press).

Hagy, H.M., J.N. Straub, M.L. Schummer, and R.M. Kaminski. 2014. Annual variation in food abundances and factors affecting wetland use by waterfowl in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley. Wildfowl SI4:436–450.  

Hagy, H.M., S.C. Yaich, J.W. Simpson, E.C. Carrera, D.A. Haukos, W.C. Johnson, C.R. Loesch, F.A. Reid, S.E. Stephens, R.W. Tiner, B.A. Werner, and G.S. Yarris. 2014. Wetland issues affecting waterfowl conservation in North America. Wildfowl SI4:343–367.  

Williams, C.K., B.D. Dugger, M.G. Brasher, J.M. Coluccy, D.M. Cramer, J.M. Eadie, M.J. Gray, H.M. Hagy, M. Livolsi, S.R. McWilliams, M. Petrie, G.J. Soulliere, J.M. Tirpak, and E.B. Webb. 2014. Estimating habitat carrying capacity for migrating and winter waterfowl: considerations, pitfalls, and improvements. Wildfowl SI4:407–435.

H.M. Hagy., K.M. Stodola, A.P. Yetter, M.W. Ward, M.M. Horath, R.V. Smith, C.S. Hine, T.J. Benson, and J.D. Stafford. 2014. Stopover duration of fall-migrating mallards in the Illinois River valley. Journal of Wildlife Management 78:747–752.

Lemke, M.W., A. Casper, T.D. VanMiddlesworth, H.M. Hagy, J. Walk, D. Blodgett, and K. Dungey. 2014. Disturbance of flooding in two restored floodplains. Proceedings of the World Environmental and Water Resources Conference 2014. Pp. 1120–1127. doi: 10.1061/9780784413548.112. 

Gray, M.J, H.M. Hagy, J.A. Nyman, and J.D. Stafford. 2013. Management of wetlands for wildlife. Pages 121–180 in C.A. Davis, and J.T. Anderson, editors. Wetland Techniques: Volume 3: Applications and Management. Spring Science+Business Media, Dodrecht, Netherlands.

O'Neal, B.J., J.D. Stafford, and R.P. Larkin. 2012. Stopover duration of fall-migrating dabbling ducks. Journal of Wildlife Management 76:285-293.

Smith, R.V., J.D. Stafford, A.P. Yetter, M.M. Horath, C.S. Hine, and J.P. Hoover. 2012. Foraging ecology of fall-migrating shorebirds in the Illinois River valley. PLoS ONE 7(9):e45121. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0045121.

Stafford, J.D., A.P. Yetter, C.S. Hine, R.V. Smith, and M.M. Horath. 2011. Seed abundance for waterfowl in wetlands managed by the Illinois Department of Natural Resources. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management 2:1-11.

Stafford, J. D., R. M. Kaminski, and K. J. Reinecke. 2010. Avian foods, foraging and habitat conservation in world rice fields.  Waterbirds 33(sp1):133-150.

O'Neal, B.J., J.D. Stafford, and R.P. Larkin. 2010. Waterfowl on weather radar: applying ground-truth to classify and quantify bird movements. Journal of Field Ornithology 81:71-82.

Stafford, J.D. A.T. Pearse, C.S. Hine, M.M. Horath, and A.P. Yetter. 2010. Factors associated with hunter success for ducks on state-owned lands in Illinios. Wildlife Biology 16:113-122.

Stafford, J.D., M.M. Horath, A.P. Yetter, R.V. Smith, C.S. Hine. 2010. Historical and Contemporary Characteristics and Waterfowl Use of Illinois River Valley Wetlands. Wetlands 30:565-576.

Yetter, A.P., J.D. Stafford, C.S. Hine, M.W. Bowyer, M.M. Horath, and S.P. Havera. 2009. Nesting biology of mallards in west-central Illinois. Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin 39 (1). 37 pp.

O’Neal, B. J., E. J. Heske, and J. D. Stafford.  2008.  Monitoring and modeling waterbird response to wetlands restored through the Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program.  Journal of Wildlife Management 72:654–664.

Irons, K. S., G. G. Sass, M. A. McClelland, and J. D. Stafford.  2007.  Reduced condition factor of two native fish species coincident with invasion of non-native Asian carps in the Illinois River, USA: Is this evidence for competition and reduced fitness? Journal of Fish Biology (Supplement D) 71:258–273.

Stafford, J. D., M. M. Horath, A. P. Yetter, C. S. Hine, and S. P. Havera.  2007.  Wetland use by mallards during spring and fall in the Illinois and Central Mississippi River Valleys.  Waterbirds 30:394–402.

Stafford, J. D. and A. T. Pearse.  2007.  Survival of radio-marked ducklings in eastern South Dakota.  Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119:585–591.

Stafford, J. D., R. M. Kaminski, and K. J. Reinecke.  2006.  Waste rice for waterfowl in the Mississippi Alluvial Valley.  Journal of Wildlife Management 70:61–69.

Stafford, J. D., K. J. Reinecke, R. M. Kaminski, and P. D. Gerard.  2006.  Multi-stage sampling for large scale natural resource surveys: a case study of rice and waterfowl.  Journal of Environmental Management 78:353–361.

Stafford, J. D., C. S. Hine, M. M. Horath, and A. P. Yetter.  2006.  Why are some seasons better than others?: Factors influencing duck hunter success on public lands in Illinois.  Proceedings of the 4th North American Duck Symposium and Workshop: 92–93.*Extended Abstract

Stafford, J. D., R. M. Kaminski, K. J. Reinecke, M. E. Kurtz, and S. W. Manley.  2005.  Post-harvest field manipulations to conserve waste rice for waterfowl.  59th SEAFWA Proceedings 59:155–163.         

Bowyer, M. W., J. D. Stafford, A. P. Yetter, C. S. Hine, M. M. Horath, and S. P. Havera.  2005.  Moist-soil plant seed production for waterfowl at Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge, Illinois.  The American Midland Naturalist 153:331–341.

Stafford, J. D., L. D. Flake, and P. W. Mammenga.  2004.  Overland movements and habitat use of mallard broods departing overwater nesting structures.  The Prairie Naturalist 36:143–159.

Stafford, J. D. and B. K. Strickland.  2003.  Potential inconsistencies when computing Akaike’s Information Criterion.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 84:68–69.

Stafford, J. D., K. J. Reinecke, and R. M. Kaminski.  2003.  SAS procedures for designing and analyzing sample surveys.  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 84:111–114.

Stafford, J. D., L. D. Flake, and P. W. Mammenga.  2002.  Survival of mallard broods and ducklings departing overwater nesting structures in eastern South Dakota.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 30: 327–336.

Havera, S.P. 2001. The effect of land practices on waterfowl of Illinois. Meadowlark 10(2):46-51.

Stafford, J. D., L. D. Flake, and P. W. Mammenga.  2001.  Evidence for double-brooding by a mallard, Anas platyrhynchos, in Eastern South Dakota.  Canadian Field-Naturalist 115:502–504.

Anderson, W.L., S.P. Havera, and B.W. Zercher. 2000. Ingestion of lead and nontoxic shotgun pellets by ducks in the Mississippi

Havera, S.P. 1999. Waterfowl of Illinois: Status and Management (and Abbreviated Field Guide): INHS Special Publication 21 and INHS Manual 7. Ill. Nat. Hist. Surv. Rep. No. 358:5, 7.

Havera, S.P., and W.L. Anderson. 1999. Food contents of mallard gizzards with and without ingested lead or steel shot. Trans. Ill. State Acad. Sci. 92(1/2):89-94.

Yetter, A.P., S.P. Havera, and C.S. Hine. 1999. Natural cavity use by nesting wood ducks in Illinois. J. Wildl. Manage. 63(2):630-638.

Recent Technical Reports

Hagy, H.M. 2015. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors determining diving duck condition and habitat quality during spring migration in the Upper Midwest. Progress Report 2014 (Year 2). United States Fish and Wildlife Service / Upper Mississippi River and Great Lakes Region Joint Venture. 9 January 2015. 26 pp.

Osborn, J.M., and H.M. Hagy. 2014. Validation and development of standard moist-soil inventory and monitoring procedures. INHS Technical Report 2014 (25).

Hagy, H.M., and G. Fretueg. 2014. Nesting ecology of waterbirds at Emiquon Preserve. Annual Report to the Nature Conservancy, Illinois River Office. 15 January 2013. 3 pp.

Hine, C.S., H.M. Hagy, A.P. Yetter, and M.M. Horath. 2014. Waterbird and wetland monitoring at the Emiquon Preserve. Annual Report 2013. The Nature Conservancy. INHS Technical Report 2014 (18).

Von Bank, J.A., A.F. Casper, and H.M. Hagy, and A.P. Yetter. 2014. An assessment of aquatic invasive plants in the Illinois River:  water hyacinth surveillance, mapping, persistence, and potential seed dispersal – CAFWS 93. Annual Report (FY14). Illinois Department of Natural Resources. 30 June 2014. 4 pp.

Hagy, H.M., A.P. Yetter, M.M. Horath, C.S. Hine, J.M. Osborn, and M.P. Ward. 2013. Illinois waterfowl surveys and investigations W–43–R–61. Final Annual Report (FY14). INHS Technical Report 2014 (28). 66 pp.

Hagy, H.M. 2013. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors determining diving duck condition and habitat quality during spring migration in the Upper Midwest. Progress Report 2013 (Year 1). United States Fish and Wildlife Service / Upper Mississippi River and Great Lakes Region Joint Venture. 17 December 2013. 17 pp.

Hine, C.S., H.M. Hagy, M.M. Horath, and A.P. Yetter, and R.V. Smith. 2013. Waterbird and wetland monitoring at the Emiquon Preserve. Final Report 2007–2013. The Nature Conservancy. June 26. 199 pp.

Hagy, H.M., A.P. Yetter, M.M. Horath, and C.S. Hine. 2013. Illinois waterfowl surveys and investigations W–43–R–60. Final Annual Report (FY2013). INHS Technical Report 2013 (13). 91 pp.

Yetter, A.P., M.M. Horath, and H.M. Hagy. 2013. 2012 Illinois and Mississippi rivers waterfowl status report.  Annual Report to the Mississippi Flyway Technical Section.  Illinois Department of Natural Resources.  7 February 2013.  4 pp.

Hine, C.S., R.V. Smith, A.P. Yetter, M.M. Horath, J.D. Stafford, and H.M. Hagy. 2012. Waterbird and wetland monitoring at the Emiquon Preserve. Annual Report 2011. The Nature   Conservancy. INHS Technical Report 2012 (15). 41 pp.

Yetter, A.P., M.M. Horath, H.M. Hagy, R.V. Smith, C.S. Hine, and J.D. Stafford. 2012. Illinois waterfowl surveys and investigations – W-43-R-59. Final Report.  Illinois Department of Natural Resources.  INHS Technical Report 2012(26). August 29.  83 pp.

Hagy, H.M., R.V. Smith, A.P. Yetter, C.S. Hine, and M.M. Horath. 2012. Vegetation assessment of             the south pool of Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge. Final Report to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. INHS Technical Report 2012(34). November 26. 15 pp.

Hine, C.S., R.V. Smith, J.D. Stafford, A.P. Yetter, and M.M. Horath. 2011. Waterbird and wetland monitoring at The Emiquon Preserve. Preliminary 2010 Annual Report. The Nature Conservancy. INHS Technical Report 2011 (07). May. 30 p.

Hine, C.S., R.V. Smith, J.D. Stafford, A.P. Yetter, and M.M. Horath. 2011. Waterbird and wetland monitoring at The Emiquon Preserve. Annual Report 2010. The Nature Conservancy. INHS Technical Report 2011 (17). 39 p.

Horath, M.M., A.P. Yetter, and J.D. Stafford. 2011. 2010 Illinois and Mississippi river waterfowl status report. Annual Report. Illinois Department of Natural Resources. February. 3 p.

Smith, R.V., J.D. Stafford, A.P. Yetter, C. J. Whelan, C.S. Hine, and M.M. Horath. 2011. Foraging thresholds of spring migrating dabbling ducks in central Illinois. Final Report. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. INHS Technical Report 2011(37). November. 57 p.

Yetter A.P., Horath, M.M., C.S. Hine, R.V. Smith, and J.D. Stafford. 2011. Illinois waterfowl surveys and investigations. Final Report. Illinois Department of Natural Resources. INHS Technical Report 2011. (41). November. 74 p.

Horath, M.M., A.P. Yetter, J.D. Stafford, C.S. Hine, R.V. Smith. 2010. Illinois waterfowl surveys and investigations. Annual Report. Illinois Department of Natural Resources. INHS Technical Report 2010 (35). 58 p.

Smith, R.V., J.D. Stafford, A.P. Yetter, C.S. Hine, and M.M. Horath. 2010. Foraging ecology of fall migrating shorebirds in the Illinois River valley. Upper Mississippi River & Great Lakes Region Joint Venture. Final Report. INHS Technical Report 2010 (23). 58 p.

Horath, M.M. A.P. Yetter, and J.D. Stafford. 2010. 2009 Illinois and Mississippi river waterfowl status report. Annual Report. Illinois Department of Natural Resources. February. 3 p.

Hine, C.S., R.V. Smith, J.D. Stafford, A.P. Yetter, and M.M Horath. 2010. Waterbird and wetland monitoring at The Emiquon Preserve. Preliminary 2009 Annual Report. The Nature Conservancy. INHS Technical Report 2010 (01). 19 p

Horath, M.M., A.P. Yetter, J.D. Stafford, C.S. Hine, and R.V. Smith. 2009. Illinois waterfowl surveys and investigations. Annual Report. Illinois Department of Natural Resources. INHS Technical Report 2009 (25). 55 p.

Yetter, A.P., J.D. Stafford, and R.V. Smith. 2009. Waterfowl monitoring on Pools 12, 13, and 14 of the Mississippi River during fall 2008. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. INHS Technical Report 2009 (8). March. 2 p.

Smith, R.V., J.D. Stafford, A.P. Yetter, C.S. Hine, and M.M. Horath. 2009 Foraging ecology of fall migrating shorebirds in the Illinois River valley. Upper Missisippi River & Great Lakes Region Joint Venture. INHS Technical Report 2009 (37). 13 p.

Smith, R.V., J.D. Stafford, A.P. Yetter, C.S. Hine, and M.M. Horath. 2009. Emiquon monitoring summary - 2008. Annual Report. The Nature Conservancy. January. 22 p.

Yetter, A.P., M.M. Horath, and J.D. Stafford. 2009. 2008 Illinois and Mississippi river waterfowl status report. Annual Report. Illinois Department of Natural Resources. February. 3 p.

Stafford, J.D., A. P. Yetter, M.M. Horath, C.S. Hine, and R.V. Smith. 2008. Aerial Inventories of waterfowl in Illinois and Moist-soil Plant Seed Abundance for Waterfowl on Lands Managed by Illinois Department of Natural Resources. INHS Tecnincal Report 2008 (44).

Smith, R.V., J.D. Stafford, A.P. Yetter, C.S. Hine, and M.M. Horath. 2008 Emiquon 2007 - fall monitoring summary. Annual Report. The Nature Conservancy. February. 7 p.

Stafford, J.D., R.V. Smith, A.P. Yetter, C.S. Hine, and M.M. Horath. 2008 Foraging ecology of fall migrating shorebirds in the Illinois River valley. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. INHS Technical Report 2008 (43). November. 8 p.

O'Neal, B.J., J.D. Stafford, R.D. Larkin, and R.E. Warner. 2008. Modeling Waterfowl Migration Using Radar Imagery. INHS Technical Report 2008 (18).

Yetter, A. P., M. M. Horath, and J. D. Stafford.  2008.  2007 Illinois and Mississippi river waterfowl status report.  Annual Report.  Illinois Department of Natural Resources.  February.  3 p.

Yetter, A. P., J. D. Stafford, and R. V. Smith.  2007.  Waterbird abundance on Pools 12, 13, and 14 of the Mississippi River.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  INHS Technical Report 2007 (70).  December.  2 p.

Stafford, J. D., R. V. Smith, A. P. Yetter, C. S. Hine, and M. M. Horath.  2007.  Foraging ecology of fall migrating shorebirds in the Illinois River valley.  Annual Report to Upper Mississippi River and Great Lakes Region Joint Venture, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  November.  8 p.

Stafford, J. D., M. M. Horath, A. P. Yetter, R. V. Smith, and C. S. Hine.  2007.  Historical and contemporary characteristics of Illinois River valley wetlands: a geospatial database for conservation planning and evaluation.  Final Report.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Upper Mississippi River and Great Lakes Region Joint Venture.  INHS Technical Report 2007 (51).  October.  64 p.

Horath, M. M., J. D. Stafford, A. P. Yetter, R. V. Smith, and C. S. Hine.  2007.  Historical and contemporary characteristics of Illinois River valley wetlands: a geospatial database for conservation planning and evaluation.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Upper Mississippi River and Great Lakes Region Joint Venture.  Interactive DVD-ROM with geospatial database. 

Yetter, A. P., M. M. Horath, J. D. Stafford, C. S. Hine, and R. V. Smith.  2007.  Aerial inventories of waterfowl in Illinois & estimation of moist-soil plant seed abundance for waterfowl on lands managed by Illinois Department of Natural Resources.  Annual Report.  Illinois Waterfowl Surveys and Investigations, Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration.  W-43-R-54.  INHS Technical Report 2007 (44).  August.  59 p.

Yetter, A.P., M.M. Horath, and J. D. Stafford.  2007.  2006 Illinois and Mississippi river waterfowl status report.  Annual Report.  Illinois Department of Natural Resources.  February.  4 p.

Horath, M.M. and S.P. Havera.  2007.  Waterfowl populations at Spunky Bottoms.  Pages 40-42 in Heske, E.J., J.R. Herkert, K.D. Blodgett, and A.M. Lemke (eds).  Spunky Bottoms: restoration of a big-river floodplain.  Proceedings of the Spunky Bottoms Restoration Symposium.  Illinois Natural History Survey, Champaign, Illinois.

Horath, M.M., A.P. Yetter, J. D. Stafford, and C.S. Hine.  2006.  Illinois waterfowl surveys and investigations.  Annual Report.  Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act, Illinois.  W-43-R-53.  August.  58 p.

 Yetter, A.P., M.M. Horath, J. D. Stafford, C.S. Hine, R.V. Smith.  2006.  Historical and contemporary characteristics of Illinois River valley wetlands:  a geospatial database for planning and evaluation.  Annual Report.  Upper Mississippi River & Great Lakes Region Joint Venture.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  October.  21 p.

Havera, S. P., and J. D. Stafford.  DVD Video: The Frank Bellrose Legacy.  Produced by Ducks Unlimited, Inc. with collaboration from the Illinois Natural History Survey.  Presented at the 4th North American Duck Symposium, 24 August, 2006.

Stafford, J. D., M. M. Horath, and A. P. Yetter.  2005.  Analyses of aerial inventory and historical wetland data for Goose Pond, Illinois.  Prepared for: The Wetlands Initiative.  50 pp.

Yetter, A. P., M. W. Bowyer, and J. D. Stafford.  2005.  Spring Lake Bottoms – Water Management Plan.  Prepared for the Illinois Department of Natural Resources.  25 pp.

 Horath, M. M., J. D. Stafford, C. S. Hine, A. P. Yetter, S. P. Havera, and M. W. Bowyer.  2005.  Illinois waterfowl surveys and investigations.  Final Report.  Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act, Illinois.  W-43-R-50-51-52.  434 pp.

 Horath, M. M., J. D. Stafford, C. S. Hine, A. P. Yetter, S. P. Havera, and M. W. Bowyer.  2005.  Illinois waterfowl surveys and investigations.  Annual Report.  Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act, Illinois.  W-43-R-52.  6 pp.

 Bowyer, M. W., A. P. Yetter, C. S. Hine, and J. D. Stafford.  2005.  Covermapping of moist-soil plant and willow communities on Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge.  Final Report.  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  18 pp.

 Stafford, J. D., and M. M. Horath.  2005.  Historical Wetland Data:  Goose Pond, Putnam County, Illinois.  Prepared for: The Wetlands Initiative.  Interactive CD-ROM with integrated report and ArcGIS compatibility.

Havera, S.P., M.M. Horath, R.G. Bjorklund, and S.N. Bjorklund. 2003. The importance of refuges–Chautauqua and migratory birds. Illinois Audubon 286:8-11.

Havera, S.P., and K.E. Roat. 2003 [revision and reprint]. Forbes Biological Station: the past and the promise. Illinois Natural History Survey Special Publication 10. 28 pp.

Havera, S.P., K.E. Roat, and L.L. Anderson. 2003. The Thompson Lake/Emiquon story: the biology, drainage, and restoration of an Illinois River bottomland lake. Illinois Natural History Survey Special Publication 25. iv + 40 pp.



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