Title: Senior Research Entomologist
Aphids; movement; plant virus epidemiology; IPM; Orius; biodiversity informatics and database design, web design; commitment to scientific education & outreach
I designed a cross-platform database system called Mandala, which specializes in cataloging systematics and biodiversity research. Development of Mandala began in 1995 through a National Science Foundation PEET (Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy) grant studying the poorly known fly family, Therevidae (DEB 95-21925 and 99-77958). The focus of Mandala for the PEET was mainly retrospective entry of specimen-related information and delineating a complete nomenclatural history of this family with its associated literature. In 2005, the bioinventory aspects of Mandala were greatly expanded by the needs of the Fiji Bioinventory of Arthropdods (NSF Biodiversity Surveys and Inventories grant DEB 04-25790). For the Fiji project, the emphasis was on prospective data entry of specimens and the tracking of roughly sorted subsamples from Malaise traps as loans to specialists for identification. Also in 2005, Mandala was used for the Busey Woods BioBlitz. In addition, species pages are being developed to be served through Mandala for the Diptera AToL (FLYTREE, NSF EF 03-34948) project. Mandala is being expanded once again to track the progress of genomics studies for FLYTREE and the tabanid (horsefly) PEET project. See links to project webpages at left. Mandala is being used by several projects and has been demonstrated nationally and internationally.
In addition to database design for systematics and biodiversity studies, I am interested in the topics of biodiversity information standards (see TDWG), sharing of scientific data, dealing with sensitive scientific data, and the preservation of orphaned and endangered scientific datasets.
Aphids, Movement, & Plant Virus Epidemiology:
My scientific research interests are in plant virus epidemiology, especially of those viruses vectored by aphids such as soybean mosaic virus, and barley yellow dwarf virus. I am also interested in the dynamics of movement of aphids and other arthropods and the use of this knowledge in IPM programs. I have worked on long distance movement projects with the corn leaf aphid in Illinois and the Russian wheat aphid in Colorado.
Outreach & Mentoring:
I have participated in ACES Open House, Insect Expo, GEMS (Girls in Engineering, Math, & Science) programs as well as working with occasional school groups and teen programs. I have coordinated the data entry of two bioblitzes (Allerton Park and Busey Woods). I feel strongly that education and appreciation for the sciences are critical to developing well-rounded and informed citizens. One way to become informed about science is to become a pod-person!
|Message to students:|
1985 Certificate of Appreciation, Friends of WILL
1987 Outstanding Service Award, Champaign-Urbana Macintosh Users Group
1989 Founder's Award, Champaign-Urbana Macintosh Users Group
1992 Certificate of Recognition and Appreciation, NCR-148, Migration and Dispersal of Insects and Other Biotic Agents
1994 Award for Support and Encouragement of the Young Women in Science program at Franklin Magnet Middle School
1999 Plaque for outstanding service to NCR-148, Migration and Dispersal of Biota
2003 Election to the Governing Board of the Entomological Society of America (ESA)
2004 The Chief's Award for exemplary contribution & service to the Illinois Natural History Survey
2005 Certificate and Service Award pin for exceptional service on ESA's Committee for Strategic Planning (2000-2005)
2005 Certificate from ESA for outstanding service as Subject Editor for the Journal of Economic Entomology from 2002-2005
2009 Recognition of exceptional service as Governing Board Representative of the Entomological Society of America 2004-2009
2009 Plaque from the Plant-Insect Ecosystem Section of the Entomological Society of America in recognition of exceptional service as Governing Board Representative 2007-2009.
2011 Honorary Member of the Entomological Society of America.
|Professional affiliations: |
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Institute of Natural Resource Sustainability, Illinois Natural History Survey, Research Entomologist, 1979-2009
Biodiversity Information Standards (TDWG)
NCR-148, Migration & Dispersal of Biota (1985-2003)
Entomological Society of America
Entomological Collections Network
FileMaker Techical Network
Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) Digisation of Natural History Collections (DIGIT) Science Subcommittee (-2009)
European Distributed Institute of Taxonomy (EDIT): Diptera (administrator and coordinator of FLYTREE and Tabanidae groups)
|Selected publications: |
Irwin, M. E., and G. E. Kampmeier. 1989. Vector behavior, environmental stimuli and the dynamics of plant virus epidemics. Chapter 2 in M. J. Jeger,ed., Spatial components of plant disease epidemics. Prentice-Hall, Inglewood Cliffs, NJ.
Irwin, M. E., W. G. Ruesink, S. A. Isard, & G. E. Kampmeier. 2000. Mitigating epidemics caused by non-persistently transmitted aphid-borne viruses: the role of the pliant environment. Virus Research 71: 185-211.
Kampmeier, G. E. & M. E. Irwin. 2009. Commercialization of insects and their products. In V. H. Resh & R. Carde [eds.] Encyclopedia of Insects, 2nd ed., San Diego: Academic Press, pp. 220-227 (pdf available upon request).
Irwin, M. E., G. E. Kampmeier, & W. Weisser. 2007. Aphid movement: Process and consequences. Chapter 7 in H. F. van Emden & R. Harrington [eds.] Aphids as Crop Pests. CABI Publishing, pp. 153-186.
Kampmeier, G. E. and M. E. Irwin. 2009. Meeting the interrelated challenges of tracking specimen, nomenclature, and literature data in Mandala. Chapter 15 in T. Pape, D. Bickel, and R. Meier (eds.) Diptera Diversity: Status, Challenges and Tools. Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers, pp. 407-437. pdf
Webb, D.W., S.D. Gaimari, M. Hauser, K.C. Holston, M.A. Metz, M.E. Irwin, G.E. Kampmeier and K. Algmin. 2013. An annotated catalogue of the New World Therevidae. Zootaxa 3600. pdf
|Program affiliates: |
Michael E. Irwin, emeritus, UIUC, Dept. Natural Resources & Environmental Sciences
Martin Hauser, California Dept. of Food & Agriculture
Mark A. Metz, USDA-SEL, Smithsonian Institution
Kevin C. Holston, Swedish Museum of Natural History
Steve Gaimari, California Dept. of Food & Agriculture
David K. Yeates, CSIRO, Canberra, Australia
Christine Lambkin, Queensland Museum, Brisbane
Brian M. Wiegmann, North Carolina State University, Dept. Entomology
F. Christian Thompson, Smithsonian Institution
Neal Evenhuis, Bishop Museum
John Pickering, DiscoverLife
Irina Brake, Museum of Natural History, London, EDIT Diptera
Shaun Winterton, , California Dept. of Food & Agriculture
|Professional society involvement and activities: |
1979 - Entomological Society of America
1979-1984 Entomology Graduate Student Association (UIUC)
1985 - Sigma Xi
1985 - 2003 NCR-148, Migration & Dispersal of Biota
1995-1999 Pan-American Aerobiology Association
1995 - North American Dipterists Society
1996 - Entomological Collections Network
1996 - Biodiversity Information Standards (Taxonomic Databases Working Group in the International Union of Biologists)
Review Manager, Darwin Core Standard
2006 - 2009 GBIF DIGIT Science Subcommittee
MS, Entomology, University of Illinois, 1984
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