Illinois Natural History Survey - University of Illinois

List of Woody Plants Native or Naturalized in Illinois
Part 2 N - Z

Kenneth R. Robertson

 

Scientific Name

Plant Family

Common Name

Tree/Shrub/or Woody Vine

Native or Introduced

Endangered or Threatened

Nemopanthus mucronatus

Aquifoliaceae

Mountain holly

shrub

native

-

Nyssa aquatica

Nyssaceae

Water tupelo

tree

native

-

Nyssa sylvatica var. caroliniana

Nyssaceae

Black tupelo

tree

native

-

Nyssa sylvatica var. sylvatica

Nyssaceae

Black tupelo

tree

native

-

Onosis spinosa

Fabaceae

Rest-harrow

shrub

introduced

-

Ostrya virginiana

Betulaceae

Hop hornbeam

tree

native

-

Oxydendrum arboreum

Ericaceae

Sourwood

tree

introduced

-

Parthenocissus inserta

Vitaceae

Virginia creeper

woody vine

native

-

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Vitaceae

Virginia creeper

woody vine

native

-

Parthenocissus tricuspidata

Vitaceae

Boston ivy

woody vine

introduced

-

Paulownia tomentosa

Scrophulariaceae

Royal paulownia

tree

introduced

-

Philadelphus coronarius

Philadelphaceae

Sweet mock-orange

shrub

introduced

-

Philadelphus inodorus

Philadelphaceae

Scentless mock-orange

shrub

introduced

-

Philadelphus pubescens

Philadelphaceae

Mock-orange

shrub

native

-

Phoradendron serotinum

Viscaceae

Mistletoe

shrub

native

-

Physocarpus opulifolius

Rosaceae

Common ninebark

shrub

native

-

Picea abies

Pinaceae

Norway spruce

tree

introduced

-

Picea mariana

Pinaceae

Black spruce

tree

introduced

-

Pinus banksiana

Pinaceae

Jack pine

tree

native

endangered

Pinus echinata

Pinaceae

Shortleaf pine

tree

native

endangered

Pinus nigra

Pinaceae

Austrian pine

tree

introduced

-

Pinus pungens

Pinaceae

Prickly pine

tree

introduced

-

Pinus resinosa

Pinaceae

Red pine

tree

native

endangered

Pinus rigida

Pinaceae

Pitch pine

tree

introduced

-

Pinus strobus

Pinaceae

White pine

tree

native

-

Pinus sylvestris

Pinaceae

Scotch pine

tree

introduced

-

Pinus taeda

Pinaceae

Loblolly pine

tree

introduced

-

Pinus wallichiana

Pinaceae

Himalayan pine

tree

introduced

-

Planera aquatica

Ulmaceae

Water elm

tree

native

endangered

Platanus occidentalis

Platanaceae

Sycamore

tree

native

-

Populus alba

Salicaceae

White poplar

tree

introduced

-

Populus balsamifera

Salicaceae

Balsam poplar

tree

native

endangered

Populus canescens

Salicaceae

Gray poplar

tree

introduced

-

Populus deltoides

Salicaceae

Eastern cottonwood

tree

native

-

Populus grandidentata

Salicaceae

Big-toothed aspen

tree

native

-

Populus heterophylla

Salicaceae

Swamp cottonwood

tree

native

-

Populus nigra var. italica

Salicaceae

Lombardy poplar

tree

introduced

-

Populus tremuloides

Salicaceae

Quaking aspen

tree

native

-

Populus x gileadensis

Salicaceae

Balm-of-Gilead

tree

introduced

-

Populus x smithii

Salicaceae

Barnes' aspen

tree

native

-

Potentilla fruticosa subsp.floribunda

Rosaceae

Bush cinquefoil

shrub

native

-

Prunus americana var. americana

Rosaceae

American plum

tree or shrub

native

-

Prunus americana var. lanata

Rosaceae

American plum

tree or shrub

native

-

Prunus angustifolia

Rosaceae

Chickasaw plum

tree or shrub

native

-

Prunus armeniaca

Rosaceae

Apricot

tree

introduced

-

Prunus avium

Rosaceae

Sweet cherry

tree

introduced

-

Prunus cerasus

Rosaceae

Sour cherry

tree

introduced

-

Prunus hortulana

Rosaceae

Wild goose plum

tree

native

-

Prunus mahaleb

Rosaceae

Mahaleb cherry

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Prunus mexicana

Rosaceae

Mexican plum

tree

native

-

Prunus munsoniana

Rosaceae

Wild goose plum

tree

native

-

Prunus nigra

Rosaceae

Canadian plum

tree

native

-

Prunus padus

Rosaceae

European bird cherry

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Prunus pensylvanica

Rosaceae

Pin cherry

tree or shrub

native

-

Prunus persica

Rosaceae

Peach

tree

introduced

-

Prunus serotina

Rosaceae

Black cherry

tree

native

-

Prunus susquehanae

Rosaceae

Sand cherry

shrub

native

-

Prunus triloba

Rosaceae

Flowering almond

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Prunus virginiana

Rosaceae

Choke cherry

tree or shrub

native

-

Ptelea trifoliata

Rutaceae

Wafer ash

tree or shrub

native

-

Pueraria lobata

Fabaceae

Kudzu-vine

woody vine

introduced

-

Pyrus calleryana

Rosaceae

Callery pear

tree

introduced

-

Pyrus communis

Rosaceae

Common pear

tree

introduced

-

Pyrus pyrifolia

Rosaceae

Chinese pear

tree

introduced

-

Quercus alba

Fagaceae

White oak

tree

native

-

Quercus bicolor

Fagaceae

Swamp white oak

tree

native

-

Quercus coccinea

Fagaceae

Scarlet oak

tree

native

-

Quercus ellipsoidalis

Fagaceae

Hill's oak

tree

native

-

Quercus falcata

Fagaceae

Southern red oak

tree

native

-

Quercus imbricaria

Fagaceae

Laurel oak

tree

native

-

Quercus lyrata

Fagaceae

Overcup oak

tree

native

-

Quercus macrocarpa

Fagaceae

Bur oak

tree

native

-

Quercus marilandica

Fagaceae

Blackjack oak

tree

native

-

Quercus michauxii

Fagaceae

Swamp chestnut oak

tree

native

-

Quercus nuttallii

Fagaceae

Nuttall's oak

tree

native

endangered

Quercus pagoda

Fagaceae

Cherrybark oak

tree

native

-

Quercus palustris

Fagaceae

Pin oak

tree

native

-

Quercus phellos

Fagaceae

Willow oak

tree

native

threatened

Quercus prinoides var. acuminata

Fagaceae

Chinkapin oak

tree

native

-

Quercus prinus

Fagaceae

Chestnut oak

tree

native

threatened

Quercus rubra

Fagaceae

Northern red oak

tree

native

-

Quercus shumardii

Fagaceae

Shumard's oak

tree

native

-

Quercus stellata

Fagaceae

Post oak

tree

native

-

Quercus velutina

Fagaceae

Black oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x anceps

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x bebbiana

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x bushii

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x deamii

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x exacta

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x fallax

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x fernowii

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x filialis

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x hillii

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x humidicola

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x jackiana

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x ludoviciana

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x palmeriana

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x runcinata

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x saulii

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x schochiana

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x schuettei

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Quercus x tridentata

Fagaceae

Hybrid oak

tree

native

-

Rehsonia floribunda

Fabaceae

Japanese wisteria

woody vine

introduced

-

Rehsonia sinensis

Fabaceae

Chinese wisteria

woody vine

introduced

-

Rhamnus alnifolia

Rhamnaceae

Alder buckthorn

shrub

native

endangered

Rhamnus caroliniana

Rhamnaceae

Carolina buckthorn

tree or shrub

native

-

Rhamnus cathartica

Rhamnaceae

Common buckthorn

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Rhamnus davurica

Rhamnaceae

Dahurian buckthorn

tree

introduced

 

Rhamnus frangula var. angustifolia

Rhamnaceae

Narrow-leaved glossy buckthorn

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Rhamnus frangula var. frangula

Rhamnaceae

Glossy buckthorn

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Rhamnus lanceolata

Rhamnaceae

Lance-leaved buckthorn

shrub

native

-

Rhododendron periclymenoides

Ericaceae

Pinxter flower

shrub

native

-

Rhododendron prinophyllum

Ericaceae

Early azalea

shrub

native

-

Rhodotypos scandens

Rosaceae

Jetbead

shrub

introduced

-

Rhus aromatica var. arenaria

Anacardiaceae

Beach sumac

shrub

native

-

Rhus aromatica var. aromatica

Anacardiaceae

Fragrant sumac

shrub

native

-

Rhus aromatica var. serotina

Anacardiaceae

Fragrant sumac

shrub

native

-

Rhus copallina

Anacardiaceae

Winged sumac

tree or shrub

native

-

Rhus glabra

Anacardiaceae

Smooth sumac

tree or shrub

native

-

Rhus typhina

Anacardiaceae

Staghorn sumac

tree or shrub

native

-

Ribes americanum

Grossulariaceae

Wild black current

shrub

native

-

Ribes cynosbati

Grossulariaceae

Prickly gooseberry

shrub

native

-

Ribes hirtellum

Grossulariaceae

Northern gooseberry

shrub

native

endangered

Ribes missouriense

Grossulariaceae

Missouri gooseberry

shrub

native

-

Ribes nigrum

Grossulariaceae

Black current

shrub

introduced

-

Ribes odoratum

Grossulariaceae

Buffalo current

shrub

introduced

-

Ribes rubrum

Grossulariaceae

Red current

shrub

introduced

-

Robinia hispida

Fabaceae

Bristly locust

shrub

introduced

-

Robinia pseudoacacia

Fabaceae

Black locust

tree

native

-

Robinia viscosa

Fabaceae

Clammy locust

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Rosa acicularis

Rosaceae

Prickly rose

shrub

native

endangered

Rosa arkansana

Rosaceae

Lunell's rose

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa blanda

Rosaceae

Meadow rose

shrub

native

-

Rosa canina

Rosaceae

Dog rose

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa carolina var. carolina

Rosaceae

Pasture rose

shrub

native

-

Rosa carolina var. villosa

Rosaceae

Pasture rose

shrub

native

-

Rosa eglanteria

Rosaceae

Sweet-brier

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa gallica

Rosaceae

French rose

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa micrantha

Rosaceae

Small sweet-brier

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa moschata

Rosaceae

Musk rose

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa multiflora

Rosaceae

Multiflora rose

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa palustris

Rosaceae

Swamp rose

shrub

native

-

Rosa rubrifolia

Rosaceae

Red-leaved rose

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa rugosa

Rosaceae

Rugose rose

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa setigera var. setigera

Rosaceae

Prairie rose

shrub

native

-

Rosa setigera var. tomentosa

Rosaceae

Prairie rose

shrub

native

-

Rosa spinosissima

Rosaceae

Scotch rose

shrub

introduced

-

Rosa suffulta

Rosaceae

Sunshine rose

shrub

native

-

Rosa wichuriana

Rosaceae

Memorial rose

shrub

introduced

-

Rubus allegheniensis

Rosaceae

Common blackberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus alumnus

Rosaceae

Blackberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus argutus

Rosaceae

Highbush blackberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus discolor

Rosaceae

Himalaya-berry

shrub

introduced

-

Rubus enslenii

Rosaceae

Arching dewberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus flagellaris

Rosaceae

Dewberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus frondosus

Rosaceae

Blackberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus hispidus

Rosaceae

Swamp dewberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus idaeus

Rosaceae

European raspberry

shrub

introduced

-

Rubus laciniatus

Rosaceae

Cut-leaved blackberry

shrub

introduced

-

Rubus occidentalis

Rosaceae

Black raspberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus odoratus

Rosaceae

Flowering raspberry

shrub

native

endangered

Rubus pensylvanicus

Rosaceae

Blackberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus phoenicolasius

Rosaceae

Wineberry

shrub

introduced

-

Rubus pubescens

Rosaceae

Dwarf raspberry

shrub

native

threatened

Rubus roribaccus

Rosaceae

Velvet-leaved dewberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus setosus

Rosaceae

Bristly blackberry

shrub

native

endangered

Rubus strigosus

Rosaceae

Red raspberry

shrub

native

-

Rubus trivalis

Rosaceae

Southern dewberry

shrub

native

-

Salix alba var. alba

Salicaceae

White willow

tree

introduced

-

Salix alba var. calva

Salicaceae

White willow

tree

introduced

-

Salix alba var. vitellina

Salicaceae

White willow

tree

introduced

-

Salix amygdaloides

Salicaceae

Peach-leaved willow

tree

native

-

Salix babylonica

Salicaceae

Weeping willow

tree

introduced

-

Salix bebbiana

Salicaceae

Beaked willow

tree or shrub

native

-

Salix candida

Salicaceae

Hoary willow

shrub

native

-

Salix caprea

Salicaceae

Goat willow

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Salix caroliniana

Salicaceae

Carolina willow

tree

native

-

Salix discolor

Salicaceae

Pussy willow

tree

native

-

Salix eriocephala

Salicaceae

Willow

tree

native

-

Salix exigua

Salicaceae

Sandbar willow

shrub

native

-

Salix fragilis

Salicaceae

Crack willow

tree

introduced

-

Salix glaucophylloides var. glaucophylla

Salicaceae

Blue-leaf willow

shrub

native

-

Salix humilis var. humilis

Salicaceae

Prairie willow

shrub

native

-

Salix humilis var. hyporhysa

Salicaceae

Prairie willow

shrub

native

-

Salix humilis var. microphylla

Salicaceae

Sage willow

shrub

native

-

Salix lucida

Salicaceae

Shinning willow

tree or shrub

native

-

Salix nigra

Salicaceae

Black willow

tree

native

-

Salix pedicellaris var. hypoglauca

Salicaceae

Bog willow

shrub

native

-

Salix pentandra

Salicaceae

Laurel willow

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Salix petiolaris

Salicaceae

Meadow willow

shrub

native

-

Salix purpurea

Salicaceae

Purple osier

shrub

introduced

-

Salix rigida

Salicaceae

Heart-leaved willow

shrub

native

-

Salix sericea

Salicaceae

Silky willow

tree or shrub

native

-

Salix serissima

Salicaceae

Autumn willow

shrub

native

endangered

Salix syrticola

Salicaceae

Dune willow

shrub

native

endangered

Salix x myricoides

Salicaceae

Willow

shrub

native

-

Salix x subsericea

Salicaceae

Willow

shrub

native

-

Sambucus canadensis

Caprifoliaceae

Elderberry

shrub

native

-

Sambucus pubens

Caprifoliaceae

Red-berried elder

shrub

native

-

Sassafras albidum var. albidum

Lauraceae

Sassafras

tree

native

-

Sassafras albidum var. molle

Lauraceae

Red sassafras

tree

native

-

Shepherdia canadensis

Elaeagnaceae

Buffalo-berry

shrub

native

endangered

Smilax bona-nox var. bona-nox

Liliaceae

Catbrier

woody vine

native

-

Smilax bona-nox var. hederaefolia

Liliaceae

Catbrier

woody vine

native

-

Smilax glauca var. glauca

Liliaceae

Catbrier

woody vine

native

-

Smilax glauca var. leurophylla

Liliaceae

Catbrier

woody vine

native

-

Smilax hispida

Liliaceae

Bristly greenbrier

woody vine

native

-

Smilax rotundifolia

Liliaceae

Catbrier

woody vine

native

-

Sorbus americana

Rosaceae

American mountain-ash

tree

native

endangered

Sorbus aucuparia

Rosaceae

European mountain-ash

tree

introduced

-

Spiraea alba

Rosaceae

Meadowsweet

shrub

native

-

Spiraea japonica

Rosaceae

Japanese spirea

shrub

introduced

-

Spiraea latifolia

Rosaceae

Meadowsweet

shrub

introduced

-

Spiraea prunifolia

Rosaceae

Bridalwreath

shrub

introduced

-

Spiraea tomentosa

Rosaceae

Hardhack

shrub

native

-

Staphylea trifolia

Staphyleaceae

Bladdernut

shrub

native

-

Styrax americana

Styracaceae

Storax

shrub

native

threatened

Styrax grandifolia

Styracaceae

Bigleaf snowbell bush

shrub

native

endangered

Symphoricarpos albus var. albus

Caprifoliaceae

Common snowberry

shrub

native

endangered

Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus

Caprifoliaceae

Common snowberry

shrub

introduced

-

Symphoricarpos occidentalis

Caprifoliaceae

Western snowberry

shrub

native

-

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus

Caprifoliaceae

Coralberry

shrub

native

-

Syringa vulgaris

Oleaceae

Common lilac

shrub

introduced

-

Tamarix gallica

Tamaricaceae

French tamarisk

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Taxodium distichum

Taxodiaceae

Bald cypress

tree

native

-

Taxus canadensis

Taxaceae

Canada yew

shrub

native

-

Thuja occidentalis

Cupressaceae

Eastern arborvitae

tree

native

threatened

Thymus praecox

Lamiaceae

Creeping thyme

shrub

introduced

-

Tilia americana var. americana

Tiliaceae

American basswood

tree

native

-

Tilia americana var. neglecta

Tiliaceae

American basswood

tree

native

-

Tilia heterophylla

Tiliaceae

White basswood

tree

native

endangered

Toxicodendron radicans

Anacardiaceae

Poison ivy

S/ L

native

-

Toxicodendron toxicarum

Anacardiaceae

Poison oak

woody vine

introduced

-

Toxicodendron vernix

Anacardiaceae

Poison sumac

shrub

native

-

Trachelospermum difforme

Apocynaceae

Climbing dogbane

woody vine

native

-

Ulmus alata

Ulmaceae

Winged elm

tree

native

-

Ulmus americana

Ulmaceae

American elm

tree

native

-

Ulmus procera

Ulmaceae

English elm

tree

introduced

-

Ulmus pumila

Ulmaceae

Siberian elm

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Ulmus rubra

Ulmaceae

Slippery elm

tree

native

-

Ulmus thomasii

Ulmaceae

Rock elm

tree

native

endangered

Vaccinium angustifolium

Ericaceae

Low-bush blueberry

shrub

native

-

Vaccinium arboreum var. arboreum

Ericaceae

Farkleberry

shrub

native

-

Vaccinium arboreum var. glaucescens

Ericaceae

Farkleberry

shrub

native

-

Vaccinium corymbosum

Ericaceae

Highbush blueberry

shrub

native

endangered

Vaccinium macrocarpon

Ericaceae

American cranberry

shrub

native

endangered

Vaccinium myrtilloides

Ericaceae

Canada blueberry

shrub

native

-

Vaccinium oxycoccus

Ericaceae

Small cranberry

shrub

native

endangered

Vaccinium pallidum

Ericaceae

Low-bush blueberry

shrub

native

-

Vaccinium stramineum

Ericaceae

Deerberry

shrub

native

extirpated

Viburnum acerifolium

Caprifoliaceae

Maple-leaved arrowwood

shrub

native

-

Viburnum dentatum var. deamii

Caprifoliaceae

Southern arrowwood

shrub

native

-

Viburnum lantana

Caprifoliaceae

Wayfaring tree

tree or shrub

introduced

-

Viburnum lentago

Caprifoliaceae

Nannyberry

tree or shrub

native

-

Viburnum molle

Caprifoliaceae

Arrowwood

shrub

native

endangered

Viburnum opulus

Caprifoliaceae

European Cranberry-bush

shrub

introduced

-

Viburnum prunifolium

Caprifoliaceae

Black haw

tree or shrub

native

-

Viburnum rafinesquianum

Caprifoliaceae

Downy arrowwood

shrub

native

-

Viburnum recognitum

Caprifoliaceae

Smooth arrowwood

shrub

native

-

Viburnum rufidulum

Caprifoliaceae

Rusty nannyberry

tree or shrub

native

-

Viburnum trilobum

Caprifoliaceae

American cranberry-bush

shrub

native

-

Vitis aestivalis var. aestivalis

Vitaceae

Summer grape

woody vine

native

-

Vitis aestivalis var. argentifolia

Vitaceae

Silver-leaved grape

woody vine

native

-

Vitis cinerea

Vitaceae

Winter grape

woody vine

native

-

Vitis labrusca

Vitaceae

Fox grape

woody vine

introduced

-

Vitis palmata

Vitaceae

Catbird grape

woody vine

native

-

Vitis riparia var. praecox

Vitaceae

Riverbank grape

woody vine

native

-

Vitis riparia var. riparia

Vitaceae

Riverbank grape

woody vine

native

-

Vitis riparia var. styricola

Vitaceae

Riverbank grape

woody vine

native

-

Vitis rupestris

Vitaceae

Sand grape

woody vine

native

-

Vitis vulpina

Vitaceae

Frost grape

woody vine

native

-

Wisteria frutescens

Fabaceae

American wisteria

woody vine

native

-

Zanthoxylum americanum

Rutaceae

Prickly-ash

tree or shrub

native

-

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